Betreff : NSA Empoyee Security Manual
Datum : Mi 26.04.95, 00:00 (erhalten: 28.04.95)
leider nur in der englischen Fassung, aber trotzdem erhaelt man einen
guten Ueberblick welche Anforderungen an werdende NSA Mitarbeiter
gestellt werden. Die Quelle konnte ich leider nicht verifizieren, da
dieses Textfile leider ohne Quellennachweis in einer Msg Area einer
BBs lag ....
This handbook is designed to introduce you to some of the basic security
principles and procedures with which all NSA employees must comply. It
highlights some of your security responsibilities, and provides guidelines
for answering questions you may be asked concerning your association with
this Agency. Although you will be busy during the forthcoming weeks
learning your job, meeting co-workers, and becoming accustomed to a new
work environment, you are urged to become familiar with the security
information contained in this handbook. Please note that a listing of
telephone numbers is provided at the end of this handbook should you have
any questions or concerns.
In joining NSA you have been given an opportunity to participate in the
activities of one of the most important intelligence organizations of the
United States Government. At the same time, you have also assumed a trust
which carries with it a most important individual responsibility--the
safeguarding of sensitive information vital to the security of our nation.
While it is impossible to estimate in actual dollars and cents the value of
the work being conducted by this Agency, the information to which you will
have access at NSA is without question critically important to the defense
of the United States. Since this information may be useful only if it is
kept secret, it requires a very special measure of protection. The
specific nature of this protection is set forth in various Agency security
regulations and directives. The total NSA Security Program, however,
extends beyond these regulations. It is based upon the concept that
security begins as a state of mind. The program is designed to develop an
appreciation of the need to protect information vital to the national
defense, and to foster the development of a level of awareness which will
make security more than routine compliance with regulations.
At times, security practices and procedures cause personal inconvenience.
They take time and effort and on occasion may make it necessary for you to
voluntarily forego some of your usual personal perogatives. But your
compensation for the inconvenience is the knowledge that the work you are
accomplishing at NSA, within a framework of sound security practices,
contributes significantly to the defense and continued security of the
United States of America.
I extend to you my very best wishes as you enter upon your chosen career or
assignment with NSA.
Philip T. Pease
Director of Security
INITIAL SECURITY RESPONSIBILITIES
Perhaps one of the first security practices with which new NSA personnel
should become acquainted is the practice of anonymity. In an open society
such as ours, this practice is necessary because information which is
generally available to the public is available also to hostile
intelligence. Therefore, the Agency mission is best accomplished apart
from public attention. Basically, anonymity means that NSA personnel are
encouraged not to draw attention to themselves nor to their association
with this Agency. NSA personnel are also cautioned neither to confirm nor
deny any specific questions about NSA activities directed to them by
individuals not affiliated with the Agency.
The ramifications of the practice of anonymity are rather far reaching, and
its success depends on the cooperation of all Agency personnel. Described
below you will find some examples of situations that you may encounter
concerning your employment and how you should cope with them. Beyond the
situations cited, your judgement and discretion will become the deciding
factors in how you respond to questions about your employment.
Answering Questions About Your Employment
Certainly, you may tell your family and friends that you are employed at or
assigned to the National Security Agency. There is no valid reason to deny
them this information. However, you may not disclose to them any
information concerning specific aspects of the Agency's mission,
activities, and organization. You should also ask them not to publicize
your association with NSA.
Should strangers or casual acquaintances question you about your place of
employment, an appropriate reply would be that you work for the Department
of Defense. If questioned further as to where you are employed within the
Department of Defense, you may reply, "NSA." When you inform someone that
you work for NSA (or the Department of Defense) you may expect that the
next question will be, "What do you do?" It is a good idea to anticipate
this question and to formulate an appropriate answer. Do not act
mysteriously about your employment, as that would only succeed in drawing
more attention to yourself.
If you are employed as a secretary, engineer, computer scientist, or in a
clerical, administrative, technical, or other capacity identifiable by a
general title which in no way indicates how your talents are being applied
to the mission of the Agency, it is suggested that you state this general
title. If you are employed as a linguist, you may say that you are a
linguist, if necessary. However, you should not indicate the specific
language(s) with which you are involved.
The use of service specialty titles which tend to suggest or reveal the
nature of the Agency's mission or specific aspects of their work. These
professional titles, such as cryptanalyst, signals collection officer, and
intelligence research analyst, if given verbatim to an outsider, would
likely generate further questions which may touch upon the classified
aspects of your work. Therefore, in conversation with outsiders, it is
suggested that such job titles be generalized. For example, you might
indicate that you are a "research analyst." You may not, however, discuss
the specific nature of your analytic work.
Answering Questions About Your Agency Training
During your career or assignment at NSA, there is a good chance that you
will receive some type of job-related training. In many instances the
nature of the training is not classified. However, in some situations the
specialized training you receive will relate directly to sensitive Agency
functions. In such cases, the nature of this training may not be discussed
with persons outside of this Agency.
If your training at the Agency includes language training, your explanation
for the source of your linguistic knowledge should be that you obtained it
while working for the Department of Defense.
You Should not draw undue attention to your language abilities, and you may
not discuss how you apply your language skill at the Agency.
If you are considering part-time employment which requires the use of
language or technical skills similar to those required for the performance
of your NSA assigned duties, you must report (in advance) the anticipated
part-time work through your Staff Security Officer (SSO) to the Office of
Security's Clearance Division (M55).
Verifying Your Employment
On occasion, personnel must provide information concerning their employment
to credit institutions in connection with various types of applications for
credit. In such situations you may state, if you are a civilian employee,
that you are employed by NSA and indicate your pay grade or salary. Once
again, generalize your job title. If any further information is desired by
persons or firms with whom you may be dealing, instruct them to request
such information by correspondence addressed to: Director of Civilian
Personnel, National Security Agency, Fort George G. Meade, Maryland
20755-6000. Military personnel should use their support group designator
and address when indicating their current assignment.
If you contemplate leaving NSA for employment elsewhere, you may be
required to submit a resume/job application, or to participate in extensive
employment interviews. In such circumstances, you should have your resume
reviewed by the Classification Advisory Officer (CAO) assigned to your
organization. Your CAO will ensure that any classified operational details
of your duties have been excluded and will provide you with an unclassified
job description. Should you leave the Agency before preparing such a
resume, you may develop one and send it by registered mail to the NSA/CSS
Information Policy Division (Q43) for review. Remember, your obligation to
protect sensitive Agency information extends beyond your employment at NSA.
The Agency And Public News Media
>From time to time you may find that the agency is the topic of reports or
articles appearing in public news media--newspapers, magazines, books,
radio and TV. The NSA/CSS Information Policy Division (Q43) represents the
Agency in matters involving the press and other media. This office serves
at the Agency's official media center and is the Director's liaison office
for public relations, both in the community and with other government
agencies. The Information Policy Division must approve the release of all
information for and about NSA, its mission, activities, and personnel. In
order to protect the aspects of Agency operations, NSA personnel must
refrain from either confirming or denying any information concerning the
Agency or its activities which may appear in the public media. If you are
asked about the activities of NSA, the best response is "no comment." You
should the notify Q43 of the attempted inquiry. For the most part, public
references to NSA are based upon educated guesses. The Agency does not
normally make a practice of issuing public statements about its activities.
Espionage And Terrorism
During your security indoctrination and throughout your NSA career you will
become increasingly aware of the espionage and terrorist threat to the
United States. Your vigilance is the best single defense in protecting NSA
information, operations, facilities and people. Any information that comes
to your attention that suggests to you the existence of, or potential for,
espionage or terrorism against the U.S. or its allies must be promptly
reported by you to the Office of Security.
There should be no doubt in your mind about the reality of the threats.
You are now affiliated with the most sensitive agency in government and are
expected to exercise vigilance and common sense to protect NSA against
Originators of correspondence, communications, equipment, or documents
within the Agency are responsible for ensuring that the proper
classification, downgrading information and, when appropriate, proper
caveat notations are assigned to such material. (This includes any
handwritten notes which contain classified information). The three levels
of classification are Confidential, Secret and Top Secret. The NSA
Classification Manual should be used as guidance in determining proper
classification. If after review of this document you need assistance,
contact the Classification Advisory Officer (CAO) assigned to your
organization, or the Information Policy Division (Q43).
Classified information is disseminated only on a strict "need-to-know"
basis. The "need-to-know" policy means that classified information will be
disseminated only to those individuals who, in addition to possessing a
proper clearance, have a requirement to know this information in order to
perform their official duties (need-to-know). No person is entitled to
classified information solely by virtue of office, position, rank, or
All NSA personnel have the responsibility to assert the "need-to-know"
policy as part of their responsibility to protect sensitive information.
Determination of "need-to-know" is a supervisory responsibility. This
means that if there is any doubt in your mind as to an individual's
"need-to-know," you should always check with your supervisor before
releasing any classified material under your control.
For Official Use Only
Separate from classified information is information or material marked "FOR
OFFICIAL USE ONLY" (such as this handbook). This designation is used to
identify that official information or material which, although
unclassified, is exempt from the requirement for public disclosure of
information concerning government activities and which, for a significant
reason, should not be given general circulation. Each holder of "FOR
OFFICAL USE ONLY" (FOUO) information or material is authorized to disclose
such information or material to persons in other departments or agencies of
the Executive and Judicial branches when it is determined that the
information or material is required to carry our a government function.
The recipient must be advised that the information or material is not to be
disclosed to the general public. Material which bears the "FOR OFFICIAL
USE ONLY" caveat does not come under the regulations governing the
protection of classified information. The unauthorized disclosure of
information marked "FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY" does not constitute an
unauthorized disclosure of classified defense information. However,
Department of Defense and NSA regulations prohibit the unauthorized
disclosure of information designated "FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY." Appropriate
administrative action will be taken to determine responsibility and to
apply corrective and/or disciplinary measures in cases of unauthorized
disclosure of information which bears the "FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY" caveat.
Reasonable care must be exercised in limiting the dissemination of "FOR
OFFICIAL USE ONLY" information. While you may take this handbook home for
further study, remember that is does contain "FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY"
information which should be protected.
All NSA personnel (employees, military assignees, and contractors) must
submit for review any planned articles, books, speeches, resumes, or public
statements that may contain classified, classifiable, NSA-derived, or
unclassified protected information, e.g., information relating to the
organization, mission, functions, or activities of NSA. Your obligation to
protect this sensitive information is a lifetime one. Even when you
resign, retire, or otherwise end your affiliation with NSA, you must submit
this type of material for prepublication review. For additional details,
contact the Information Policy Division (Q43) for an explanation of
prepublication review procedures.
Personnel Security Responsibilities
Perhaps you an recall your initial impression upon entering an NSA
facility. Like most people, you probably noticed the elaborate physical
security safeguards--fences, concrete barriers, Security Protective
Officers, identification badges, etc. While these measures provide a
substantial degree of protection for the information housed within our
buildings, they represent only a portion of the overall Agency security
program. In fact, vast amounts of information leave our facilities daily
in the minds of NSA personnel, and this is where our greatest vulnerability
lies. Experience has indicated that because of the vital information we
work with at NSA, Agency personnel may become potential targets for hostile
intelligence efforts. Special safeguards are therefore necessary to
protect our personnel.
Accordingly, the Agency has an extensive personnel security program which
establishes internal policies and guidelines governing employee conduct and
activities. These policies cover a variety of topics, all of which are
designed to protect both you and the sensitive information you will gain
through your work at NSA.
Association With Foreign Nationals
As a member of the U.S. Intelligence Community and by virtue of your access
to sensitive information, you are a potential target for hostile
intelligence activities carried out by or on behalf of citizens of foreign
countries. A policy concerning association with foreign nationals has been
established by the Agency to minimize the likelihood that its personnel
might become subject to undue influence or duress or targets of hostile
activities through foreign relationships.
As an NSA affiliate, you are prohibited from initiating or maintaining
associations (regardless of the nature and degree) with citizens or
officials of communist-controlled, or other countries which pose a
significant threat to the security of the United States and its interests.
A comprehensive list of these designated countries is available from your
Staff Security Officer or the Security Awareness Division. Any contact
with citizens of these countries, no matter how brief or seemingly
innocuous, must be reported as soon as possible to your Staff Security
Officer (SSO). (Individuals designated as Staff Security Officers are
assigned to every organization; a listing of Staff Security Officers can be
found at the back of this handbook).
Additionally, close and continuing associations with any non-U.S. citizens
which are characterized by ties of kinship, obligation, or affection are
prohibited. A waiver to this policy may be granted only under the most
exceptional circumstances when there is a truly compelling need for an
individual's services or skills and the security risk is negligible.
In particular, a waiver must be granted in advance of a marriage to or
cohabitation with a foreign national in order to retain one's access to NSA
information. Accordingly, any intent to cohabitate with or marry a
non-U.S. citizen must be reported immediately to your Staff Security
Officer. If a waiver is granted, future reassignments both at headquarters
and overseas may be affected.
The marriage or intended marriage of an immediate family member (parents,
siblings, children) to a foreign national must also be reported through
your SSO to the Clearance Division (M55).
Casual social associations with foreign nationals (other than those of the
designated countries mentioned above) which arise from normal living and
working arrangements in the community usually do not have to be reported.
During the course of these casual social associations, you are encouraged
to extend the usual social amenities. Do not act mysteriously or draw
attention to yourself (and possibly to NSA) by displaying an unusually wary
Naturally, your affiliation with the Agency and the nature of your work
should not be discussed. Again, you should be careful not to allow these
associations to become close and continuing to the extent that they are
characterized by ties of kinship, obligation, or affection.
If at any time you feel that a "casual" association is in any way
suspicious, you should report this to your Staff Security Officer
immediately. Whenever any doubt exists as to whether or not a situation
should be reported or made a matter of record, you should decided in favor
of reporting it. In this way, the situation can be evaluated on its own
merits, and you can be advised as to your future course of action.
Correspondence With Foreign Nationals
NSA personnel are discouraged from initiating correspondence with
individuals who are citizens of foreign countries. Correspondence with
citizens of communist-controlled or other designated countries is
prohibited. Casual social correspondence, including the "penpal" variety,
with other foreign acquaintances is acceptable and need not be reported.
If, however, this correspondence should escalate in its frequency or
nature, you should report that through your Staff Security Officer to the
Clearance Division (M55).
Since a significant percentage of all espionage activity is known to be
conducted through foreign embassies, consulates, etc., Agency policy
discourages visits to embassies, consulates or other official
establishments of a foreign government. Each case, however, must be judged
on the circumstances involved. Therefore, if you plan to visit a foreign
embassy for any reason (even to obtain a visa), you must consult with, and
obtain the prior approval of, your immediate supervisor and the Security
Awareness Division (M56).
Amateur Radio Activities
Amateur radio (ham radio) activities are known to be exploited by hostile
intelligence services to identify individuals with access to classified
information; therefore, all licensed operators are expected to be familiar
with NSA/CSS Regulation 100-1, "Operation of Amateur Radio Stations" (23
October 1986). The specific limitations on contacts with operators from
communist and designated countries are of particular importance. If you
are an amateur radio operator you should advise the Security Awareness
Division (M56) of your amateur radio activities so that detailed guidance
may be furnished to you.
Unofficial Foreign Travel
In order to further protect sensitive information from possible compromise
resulting from terrorism, coercion, interrogation or capture of Agency
personnel by hostile nations and/or terrorist groups, the Agency has
established certain policies and procedures concerning unofficial foreign
All Agency personnel (civilian employees, military assignees, and
contractors) who are planning unofficial foreign travel must have that
travel approved by submitting a proposed itinerary to the Security
Awareness Division (M56) at least 30 working days prior to their planned
departure from the United States. Your itinerary should be submitted on
Form K2579 (Unofficial Foreign Travel Request). This form provides space
for noting the countries to be visited, mode of travel, and dates of
departure and return. Your immediate supervisor must sign this form to
indicate whether or not your proposed travel poses a risk to the sensitive
information, activities, or projects of which you may have knowledge due to
your current assignment.
After your supervisor's assessment is made, this form should be forwarded
to the Security Awareness Director (M56). Your itinerary will then be
reviewed in light of the existing situation in the country or countries to
be visited, and a decision for approval or disapproval will be based on
this assessment. The purpose of this policy is to limit the risk of travel
to areas of the world where a threat may exist to you and to your knowledge
of classified Agency activities.
In this context, travel to communist-controlled and other hazardous
activity areas is prohibited. A listing of these hazardous activity areas
is prohibited. A listing of these hazardous activity areas can be found in
Annex A of NSA/CSS Regulation No. 30-31, "Security Requirements for Foreign
Travel" (12 June 1987). From time to time, travel may also be prohibited
to certain areas where the threat from hostile intelligence services,
terrorism, criminal activity or insurgency poses an unacceptable risk to
Agency employees and to the sensitive information they possess. Advance
travel deposits made without prior agency approval of the proposed travel
may result in financial losses by the employee should the travel be
disapproved, so it is important to obtain approval prior to committing
yourself financially. Questions regarding which areas of the world
currently pose a threat should be directed to the Security Awareness
Unofficial foreign travel to Canada, the Bahamas, Bermuda, and Mexico does
not require prior approval, however, this travel must still be reported
using Form K2579. Travel to these areas may be reported after the fact.
While you do not have to report your foreign travel once you have ended
your affiliation with the Agency, you should be aware that the risk
incurred in travelling to certain areas, from a personal safety and/or
counterintelligence standpoint, remains high. The requirement to protect
the classified information to which you have had access is a lifetime
Membership In Organizations
Within the United States there are numerous organizations with memberships
ranging from a few to tens of thousands. While you may certainly
participate in the activities of any reputable organization, membership in
any international club or professional organization/activity with foreign
members should be reported through your Staff Security Officer to the
Clearance Division (M55). In most cases there are no security concerns or
threats to our employees or affiliates. However, the Office of Security
needs the opportunity to research the organization and to assess any
possible risk to you and the information to which you have access.
In addition to exercising prudence in your choice of organizational
affiliations, you should endeavor to avoid participation in public
activities of a conspicuously controversial nature because such activities
could focus undesirable attention upon you and the Agency. NSA employees
may, however, participate in bona fide public affairs such as local
politics, so long as such activities do not violate the provisions of the
statutes and regulations which govern the political activities of all
federal employees. Additional information may be obtained from your
Changes In Marital Status/Cohabitation/Names
All personnel, either employed by or assigned to NSA, must advise the
Office of Security of any changes in their marital status (either marriage
or divorce), cohabitation arrangements, or legal name changes. Such
changes should be reported by completing NSA Form G1982 (Report of
Marriage/Marital Status Change/Name Change), and following the instructions
printed on the form.
Use And Abuse Of Drugs
It is the policy of the National Security Agency to prevent and eliminate
the improper use of drugs by Agency employees and other personnel
associated with the Agency. The term "drugs" includes all controlled drugs
or substances identified and listed in the Controlled Substances Act of
1970, as amended, which includes but is not limited to: narcotics,
depressants, stimulants, cocaine, hallucinogens ad cannabis (marijuana,
hashish, and hashish oil). The use of illegal drugs or the abuse of
prescription drugs by persons employed by, assigned or detailed to the
Agency may adversely affect the national security; may have a serious
damaging effect on the safety and the safety of others; and may lead to
criminal prosecution. Such use of drugs either within or outside Agency
controlled facilities is prohibited.
Physical Security Policies
The physical security program at NSA provides protection for classified
material and operations and ensures that only persons authorized access to
the Agency's spaces and classified material are permitted such access.
This program is concerned not only with the Agency's physical plant and
facilities, but also with the internal and external procedures for
safeguarding the Agency's classified material and activities. Therefore,
physical security safeguards include Security Protective Officers, fences,
concrete barriers, access control points, identification badges, safes, and
the compartmentalization of physical spaces. While any one of these
safeguards represents only a delay factor against attempts to gain
unauthorized access to NSA spaces and material, the total combination of
all these safeguards represents a formidable barrier against physical
penetration of NSA. Working together with personnel security policies,
they provide "security in depth."
The physical security program depends on interlocking procedures. The
responsibility for carrying out many of these procedures rests with the
individual. This means you, and every person employed by, assign, or
detailed to the Agency, must assume the responsibility for protecting
classified material. Included in your responsibilities are: challenging
visitors in operational areas; determining "need-to-know;" limiting
classified conversations to approved areas; following established locking
and checking procedures; properly using the secure and non-secure telephone
systems; correctly wrapping and packaging classified data for transmittal;
and placing classified waste in burn bags.
The NSA Badge
Even before you enter an NSA facility, you have a constant reminder of
security--the NSA badge. Every person who enters an NSA installation is
required to wear an authorized badge. To enter most NSA facilities your
badge must be inserted into an Access Control Terminal at a building
entrance and you must enter your Personal Identification Number (PIN) on
the terminal keyboard. In the absence of an Access Control Terminal, or
when passing an internal security checkpoint, the badge should be held up
for viewing by a Security Protective Officer. The badge must be displayed
at all times while the individual remains within any NSA installation.
NSA Badges must be clipped to a beaded neck chain. If necessary for the
safety of those working in the area of electrical equipment or machinery,
rubber tubing may be used to insulate the badge chain. For those Agency
personnel working in proximity to other machinery or equipment, the clip
may be used to attach the badge to the wearer's clothing, but it must also
remain attached to the chain.
After you leave an NSA installation, remove your badge from public view,
thus avoiding publicizing your NSA affiliation. Your badge should be kept
in a safe place which is convenient enough to ensure that you will be
reminded to bring it with you to work. A good rule of thumb is to afford
your badge the same protection you give your wallet or your credit cards.
DO NOT write your Personal Identification Number on your badge.
If you plan to be away from the Agency for a period of more than 30 days,
your badge should be left at the main Visitor Control Center which services
Should you lose your badge, you must report the facts and circumstances
immediately to the Security Operations Center (SOC) (963-3371s/688-6911b)
so that your badge PIN can be deactivated in the Access Control Terminals.
In the event that you forget your badge when reporting for duty, you may
obtain a "non-retention" Temporary Badge at the main Visitor Control Center
which serves your facility after a co-worker personally identifies your and
your clearance has been verified.
Your badge is to be used as identification only within NSA facilities or
other government installations where the NSA badge is recognized. Your
badge should never be used outside of the NSA or other government
facilities for the purpose of personal identification. You should obtain a
Department of Defense identification card from the Civilian Welfare Fund
(CWF) if you need to identify yourself as a government employee when
applying for "government discounts" offered at various commercial
Your badge color indicates your particular affiliation with NSA and your
level of clearance. Listed below are explanations of the badge colors you
are most likely to see:
Green (*) Fully cleared NSA employees and certain military
Orange (*) (or Gold) Fully cleared representative of other
Black (*) Fully cleared contractors or consultants.
Blue Employees who are cleared to the SECRET level while
awaiting completion of their processing for full
(TS/SI) clearance. These Limited Interim Clearance
(LIC) employees are restricted to certain activities
while inside a secure area.
Red Clearance level is not specified, so assume the
* - Fully cleared status means that the person has been cleared to the Top
Secret (TS) level and indoctrinated for Special Intelligence (SI).
All badges with solid color backgrounds (permanent badges) are kept by
individuals until their NSA employment or assignment ends. Striped badges
("non-retention" badges) are generally issued to visitors and are returned
to the Security Protective Officer upon departure from an NSA facility.
Within NSA installations there are generally two types of areas,
Administrative and Secure. An Administrative Area is one in which storage
of classified information is not authorized, and in which discussions of a
classified nature are forbidden. This type of area would include the
corridors, restrooms, cafeterias, visitor control areas, credit union,
barber shop, and drugstore. Since uncleared, non-NSA personnel are often
present in these areas, all Agency personnel must ensure that no classified
information is discussed in an Administrative Area.
Classified information being transported within Agency facilities must be
placed within envelopes, folders, briefcases, etc. to ensure that its
contents or classification markings are not disclosed to unauthorized
persons, or that materials are not inadvertently dropped enroute.
The normal operational work spaces within an NSA facility are designated
Secure Areas. These areas are approved for classified discussions and for
the storage of classified material. Escorts must be provided if it is
necessary for uncleared personnel (repairmen, etc.) to enter Secure Areas,
an all personnel within the areas must be made aware of the presence of
uncleared individuals. All unknown, unescorted visitors to Secure Areas
should be immediately challenged by the personnel within the area,
regardless of the visitors' clearance level (as indicated by their badge
The corridor doors of these areas must be locked with a deadbolt and all
classified information in the area must be properly secured after normal
working hours or whenever the area is unoccupied. When storing classified
material, the most sensitive material must be stored in the most secure
containers. Deadbolt keys for doors to these areas must be returned to the
key desk at the end of the workday.
For further information regarding Secure Areas, consult the Physical
Security Division (M51) or your staff Security Officer.
Items Treated As Classified
For purposes of transportation, storage and destruction, there are certain
types of items which must be treated as classified even though they may not
contain classified information. Such items include carbon paper,
vu-graphs, punched machine processing cards, punched paper tape, magnetic
tape, computer floppy disks, film, and used typewriter ribbons. This
special treatment is necessary since a visual examination does not readily
reveal whether the items contain classified information.
Because of the potential security or safety hazards, certain items are
prohibited under normal circumstances from being brought into or removed
from any NSA installation. These items have been groped into two general
classes. Class I prohibited items are those which constitute a threat to
the safety and security of NSA/CSS personnel and facilities. Items in this
a. Firearms and ammunition
b. Explosives, incendiary substances, radioactive materials, highly
volatile materials, or other hazardous materials
c. Contraband or other illegal substances
d. Personally owned photographic or electronic equipment including
microcomputers, reproduction or recording devices, televisions or
Prescribed electronic medical equipment is normally not prohibited, but
requires coordination with the Physical Security Division (M51) prior to
being brought into any NSA building.
Class II prohibited items are those owned by the government or contractors
which constitute a threat to physical, technical, or TEMPEST security.
Approval by designated organizational officials is required before these
items can be brought into or removed from NSA facilities. Examples are:
a. Transmitting and receiving equipment
b. Recording equipment and media
c. Telephone equipment and attachments
d. Computing devices and terminals
e. Photographic equipment and film
A more detailed listing of examples of Prohibited Items may be obtained
from your Staff Security Officer or the Physical Security Division (M51).
Additionally, you may realize that other seemingly innocuous items are also
restricted and should not be brought into any NSA facility. Some of these
items pose a technical threat; others must be treated as restricted since a
visual inspection does not readily reveal whether they are classified.
These items include:
a. Negatives from processed film; slides; vu-graphs
b. Magnetic media such as floppy disks, cassette tapes, and VCR
c. Remote control devices for telephone answering machines
As you depart NSA facilities, you will note another physical security
safeguard--the inspection of the materials you are carrying. This
inspection of your materials, conducted by Security Protective Officers, is
designed to preclude the inadvertent removal of classified material. It is
limited to any articles that you are carrying out of the facility and may
include letters, briefcases, newspapers, notebooks, magazines, gym bags,
and other such items. Although this practice may involve some
inconvenience, it is conducted in your best interest, as well as being a
sound security practice. The inconvenience can be considerably reduced if
you keep to a minimum the number of personal articles that you remove from
Removal Of Material From NSA Spaces
The Agency maintains strict controls regarding the removal of material from
its installations, particularly in the case of classified material.
Only under a very limited and official circumstances classified material be
removed from Agency spaces. When deemed necessary, specific authorization
is required to permit an individual to hand carry classified material out
of an NSA building to another Secure Area. Depending on the material and
circumstances involved, there are several ways to accomplish this.
A Courier Badge authorizes the wearer, for official purposes, to transport
classified material, magnetic media, or Class II prohibited items between
NSA facilities. These badges, which are strictly controlled, are made
available by the Physical Security Division (M51) only to those offices
which have specific requirements justifying their use.
An Annual Security Pass may be issued to individuals whose official duties
require that they transport printed classified materials, information
storage media, or Class II prohibited items to secure locations within the
local area. Materials carried by an individual who displays this pass are
subject to spot inspection by Security Protective Officers or other
personnel from the Office of Security. It is not permissible to use an
Annual Security Pass for personal convenience to circumvent inspection of
your personal property by perimeter Security Protective Officers.
If you do not have access to a Courier Badge and you have not been issued
an Annual Security Pass, you may obtain a One-Time Security Pass to remove
classified materials/magnetic media or admit or remove prohibited items
from an NSA installation. These passes may be obtained from designated
personnel in your work element who have been given authority to issue them.
The issuing official must also contact the Security Operations Center (SOC)
to obtain approval for the admission or removal of a Class I prohibited
When there is an official need to remove government property which is not
magnetic media, or a prohibited or classified item, a One-Time Property
Pass is used. This type of pass (which is not a Security Pass) may be
obtained from your element custodial property officer. A Property Pass is
also to be used when an individual is removing personal property which
might be reasonably be mistaken for unclassified Government property. This
pass is surrendered to the Security Protective Officer at the post where
the material is being removed. Use of this pass does not preclude
inspection of the item at the perimeter control point by the Security
Protective Officer or Security professionals to ensure that the pass is
being used correctly.
External Protection Of Classified Information
On those occasions when an individual must personally transport classified
material between locations outside of NSA facilities, the individual who is
acting as the courier must ensure that the material receives adequate
protection. Protective measures must include double wrapping and packaging
of classified information, keeping the material under constant control,
ensuring the presence of a second appropriately cleared person when
necessary, and delivering the material to authorized persons only. If you
are designated as a courier outside the local area, contact the Security
Awareness Division (M56) for your courier briefing.
Even more basic than these procedures is the individual security
responsibility to confine classified conversations to secure areas. Your
home, car pool, and public places are not authorized areas to conduct
classified discussions--even if everyone involved in he discussion
possesses a proper clearance and "need-to-know." The possibility that a
conversation could be overheard by unauthorized persons dictates the need
to guard against classified discussions in non-secure areas.
Classified information acquired during the course of your career or
assignment to NSA may not be mentioned directly, indirectly, or by
suggestion in personal diaries, records, or memoirs.
Reporting Loss Or Disclosure Of Classified Information
The extraordinary sensitivity of the NSA mission requires the prompt
reporting of any known, suspected, or possible unauthorized disclosure of
classified information, or the discovery that classified information may be
lost, or is not being afforded proper protection. Any information coming
to your attention concerning the loss or unauthorized disclosure of
classified information should be reported immediately to your supervisor,
your Staff Security Officer, or the Security Operations Center (SOC).
Use Of Secure And Non-Secure Telephones
Two separate telephone systems have been installed in NSA facilities for
use in the conduct of official Agency business: the secure telephone
system (gray telephone) and the outside, non-secure telephone system (black
telephone). All NSA personnel must ensure that use of either telephone
system does not jeopardize the security of classified information.
The secure telephone system is authorized for discussion of classified
information. Personnel receiving calls on the secure telephone may assume
that the caller is authorized to use the system. However, you must ensure
that the caller has a "need-to-know" the information you will be
The outside telephone system is only authorized for unclassified official
Agency business calls. The discussion of classified information is not
permitted on this system. Do not attempt to use "double-talk" in order to
discuss classified information over the non-secure telephone system.
In order to guard against the inadvertent transmission of classified
information over a non-secure telephone, and individual using the black
telephone in an area where classified activities are being conducted must
caution other personnel in the area that the non-secure telephone is in
use. Likewise, you should avoid using the non-secure telephone in the
vicinity of a secure telephone which is also in use.
In the fulfillment of your security responsibilities, you should be aware
that there are many resources available to assist you. If you have any
questions or concerns regarding security at NSA or your individual security
responsibilities, your supervisor should be consulted. Additionally, Staff
Security Officers are appointed to the designated Agency elements to assist
these organizations in carrying out their security responsibilities. There
is a Staff Security Officer assigned to each organization; their phone
numbers are listed at the back of this handbook. Staff Security Officers
also provide guidance to and monitor the activities of Security
Coordinators and Advisors (individuals who, in addition to their
operational duties within their respective elements, assist element
supervisors or managers in discharging security responsibilities).
Within the Office of Security, the Physical Security Division (M51) will
offer you assistance in matters such as access control, security passes,
clearance verification, combination locks, keys, identification badges,
technical security, and the Security Protective Force. The Security
Awareness Division (M56) provides security guidance and briefings regarding
unofficial foreign travel, couriers, special access, TDY/PCS, and amateur
radio activities. The Industrial and Field Security Division (M52) is
available to provide security guidance concerning NSA contractor and field
The Security Operations Center (SOC) is operated by two Security Duty
Officers (SDOs), 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The SDO, representing the
Office of Security, provides a complete range of security services to
include direct communications with fire and rescue personnel for all Agency
area facilities. The SDO is available to handle any physical or personnel
problems that may arise, and if necessary, can direct your to the
appropriate security office that can assist you. After normal business
hours, weekends, and holidays, the SOC is the focal point for all security
matters for all Agency personnel and facilities (to include Agency field
sites and contractors). The SOC is located in Room 2A0120, OPS 2A building
and the phone numbers are 688-6911(b), 963-3371(s).
However, keep in mind that you may contact any individual or any division
within the Office of Security directly. Do not hesitate to report any
information which may affect the security of the Agency's mission,
information, facilities or personnel.
In addition to Office of Security resources, there are a number of
professional, security-related services available for assistance in
answering your questions or providing the services which you require.
The Installations and Logistics Organization (L) maintains the system for
the collection and destruction of classified waste, and is also responsible
for the movement and scheduling of material via NSA couriers and the
Defense Courier Service (DCS). Additionally, L monitors the proper
addressing, marking, and packaging of classified material being transmitted
outside of NSA; maintains records pertaining to receipt and transmission of
controlled mail; and issues property passes for the removal of unclassified
The NSA Office of Medical Services (M7) has a staff of physicians, clinical
psychologists and an alcoholism counselor. All are well trained to help
individuals help themselves in dealing with their problems. Counseling
services, with referrals to private mental health professionals when
appropriate, are all available to NSA personnel. Appointments can be
obtained by contacting M7 directly. When an individual refers
himself/herself, the information discussed in the counseling sessions is
regarded as privileged medical information and is retained exclusively in
M7 unless it pertains to the national security.
Counselling interviews are conducted by the Office of Civilian Personnel
(M3) with any civilian employee regarding both on and off-the-job problems.
M3 is also available to assist all personnel with the personal problems
seriously affecting themselves or members of their families. In cases of
serious physical or emotional illness, injury, hospitalization, or other
personal emergencies, M3 informs concerned Agency elements and maintains
liaison with family members in order to provide possible assistance.
Similar counselling services are available to military assignees through
Military Personnel (M2).
GUIDE TO SECURITY
M51 PHYSICAL SECURITY 963-6651s/688-8293b (FMHQ)
CONFIRM and badges Prohibited Items
Locks, keys, safes and alarms SOC (963-3371s/688-6911b)
Security/vehicle passes NSA facility protection and compliance
Red/blue seal areas New Construction
Pass Clearances (963-4780s/688-6759b)
M52 INDUSTRIAL AND FIELD SECURITY
Security at contractor field site facilities
Verification of classified mailing addresses for contractor facilities
M53 INVESTIGATIONS 982-7914s/859-6464b
Personnel Interview Program (PIP) Reinvestigations
Military Interview Program (MIP) Special investigations
M54 COUNTERINTELLIGENCE 982-7832s/859-6424b
Security counterintelligence analysis Security compromises
M55 CLEARANCES 982-7900s/859-4747b
Privacy Act Officer (For review of security files) Continued SCI access
Contractor/applicant processing Military access
M56 SECURITY AWARENESS 963-3273s/688-6535b
Security indoctrinations/debriefings Embassy visits
Associations with foreign nationals Briefings (foreign travel,
Security Week ham radio, courier,
Security posters, brochures, etc. LIC, PCS, TDY,
special access, etc.)
Foreign travel approval
Military contractor orientation
Special Access Office (963-5466s/688-6353b)
M57 POLYGRAPH 982-7844s/859-6363b
M509 MANAGEMENT AND POLICY STAFF 982-7885s/859-6350b
STAFF SECURITY OFFICERS (SSOs)
Element Room Secure/Non-Secure
A 2A0852B 963-4650/688-7044
B 3W099 963-4559/688-7141
D/Q/J/N/U 2B8066G 963-4496/688-6614
E/M D3B17 968-8050/859-6669
G 9A195 963-5033/688-7902
K 2B5136 963-1978/688-5052
L SAB4 977-7230/688-6194
P 2W091 963-5302/688-7303
R B6B710 968-4073/859-4736
S/V/Y/C/X C2A55 972-2144/688-7549
T 2B5040 963-4543/688-7364
W 1C181 963-5970/688-7061
GUIDE TO SECURITY-RELATED SERVICES
Agency Anonymity 968-8251/859-4381
Alcohol Rehabilitation Program 963-5420/688-7312
Cipher Lock Repair 963-1221/688-7119
Courier Schedules (local) 977-7197/688-7403
Defense Courier Service 977-7117/688-7826
Disposal of Classified Waste
- Paper only 972-2150/688-6593
- Plastics, Metal, Film, etc 963-4103/688-7062
Mail Dissemination and Packaging 977-7117/688-7826
Medical Center (Fort Meade) 963-5429/688-7263
(Airport Square) 982-7800/859-6155
NSA/CSS Information Policy Division 963-5825/688-6527
- Civilian 982-7835/859-6577
- Air Force 963-3239/688-7980
- Army 963-3739/688-6393
- Navy 963-3439/688-7325
Property Passes (unclassified material) 977-7263/688-7800
Psychological Services 963-5429/688-7311
FREQUENTLY USED ACRONYMS/DESIGNATORS
ARFCOS Armed Forces Courier Service (now known as DCS)
AWOL Absent Without Leave
CAO Classification Advisory Officer
COB Close of Business
CWF Civilian Welfare Fund
DCS Defense Courier Service (formerly known as ARFCOS)
DoD Department of Defense
EOD Enter on Duty
FOUO For Official Use Only
M2 Office of Military Personnel
M3 Office of Civilian Personnel
M5 Office of Security
M7 Office of Medical Services
NCS National Cryptologic School
PCS Permanent Change of Station
PIN Personal Identification Number
Q43 Information Policy Division
SDO Security Duty Officer
SOC Security Operations Center
SPO Security Protective Officer
SSO Staff Security Officer
TDY Temporary Duty
UFT Unofficial Foreign Travel
A FINAL NOTE
The information you have just read is designed to serve as a guide to
assist you in the conduct of your security responsibilities. However, it
by no means describes the extent of your obligation to protect information
vital to the defense of our nation. Your knowledge of specific security
regulations is part of a continuing process of education and experience.
This handbook is designed to provide the foundation of this knowledge and
serve as a guide to the development of an attitude of security awareness.
In the final analysis, security is an individual responsibility. As a
participant in the activities of the National Security Agency organization,
you are urged to be always mindful of the importance of the work being
accomplished by NSA and of the unique sensitivity of the Agency's